On 14 January 1893, a group composed of Americans and Europeans formed a Committee of Safety seeking to overthrow the Hawaiian Kingdom, depose the Queen, and seek annexation to the United States.
The Queen Liliuokalani of Hawaii was deposed on 17 January 1893 and replaced by a Provisional Government composed of members of the Committee of Safety.
The Republic of Hawaii functioned for four years until annexation was finally accomplished under the administration of a new US President, Republican William McKinley who signed the Join Resolution of Annexation on July 7, 1898.
Hawaii became an incorporated territory of the United States during the Spanish American War and took control of the 1,200,000 acres (4,900 km2) of land that formerly was held in trust by the monarchy and known as Crown Land.
In 1993, a joint Apology Resolution regarding the overthrow was passed by Congress and signed by President Clinton, apologizing for the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom.
Republic of Hawaii